Premack Principle: A Guide to Understanding Motivation

The Premack principle states that a person will perform a less preferred activity (low probability behavior) to gain access to a more preferred activity (high probability behavior). A less preferred activity is defined as one in which the individual is unlikely to choose to do on their own, thus developing the term low probability behavior. A more preferred activity is an activity that the individual would likely choose to engage in on their own, a high probability behavior.

Reinforcement and Punishment in ABA: 3 Facts You Need to Know

Professionals in the field of ABA must understand some basic facts about reinforcement and punishment to create effective behavior change programs. First, there are important differences between positive and negative reinforcement and punishment. Second, the professional must plan for unintended consequences associated with reinforcement and punishment. Finally, neither reinforcement nor punishment are inherently good nor bad, ethical or unethical.

Functions of Behavior in ABA: How Many Are There, Really?

Although traditional sources say there are 3-4 functions of behavior (access, escape, [attention] and automatic), there is a better way to conceptualize the functions of behavior. Cipani and Schock (2010) created a behavioral diagnostic system that expands on traditional models to help us understand behavior on a deeper level. They describe 2 primary functions: access and escape then go on to identify the type of reinforcer and the mode of access (direct or socially-mediated). This method provides a comprehensive approach to understanding the functions of behavior.

How do I Choose the Right Data Collection Method for my ABA Program?

The right data collection method provides information that a professional needs to determine programming changes. The wrong data collection system leads to inferior results. Many different factors contribute to choosing which data collection system is right for a given program. Let’s consider some of the differences between continuous and discontinuous data collection methods.

10 Tips for Providing Better ABA Parent Training

Parent training requires a combination of relationship development and an exchange of knowledge. Professionals walk a fine line between establishing themselves as the expert while building enough trust to encourage follow-through. Parents must believe you care about their child and your recommendations will make a difference. Merge Behavioral Skills Training (BST) with active listening skills and see the difference in your parent training sessions.