The Premack principle states that a person will perform a less preferred activity (low probability behavior) to gain access to a more preferred activity (high probability behavior). A less preferred activity is defined as one in which the individual is unlikely to choose to do on their own, thus developing the term low probability behavior. A more preferred activity is an activity that the individual would likely choose to engage in on their own, a high probability behavior.
applied behavior analysis
Professionals in the field of ABA must understand some basic facts about reinforcement and punishment to create effective behavior change programs. First, there are important differences between positive and negative reinforcement and punishment. Second, the professional must plan for unintended consequences associated with reinforcement and punishment. Finally, neither reinforcement nor punishment are inherently good nor bad, ethical or unethical.
Differential reinforcement (DR) is a valuable ABA tool. It reinforces one behavior while putting all other responses on extinction.
Discrete Trial Training (DTT) is a structured method of teaching skills to children that is often misunderstood and misused. Learn what you don’t know.
During errorless learning, or errorless teaching, professionals attempt to eliminate mistakes made by the learner. Learn more about this intervention here!
Parent training requires a combination of relationship development and an exchange of knowledge. Professionals walk a fine line between establishing themselves as the expert while building enough trust to encourage follow-through. Parents must believe you care about their child and your recommendations will make a difference. Merge Behavioral Skills Training (BST) with active listening skills and see the difference in your parent training sessions.
Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior (DRO) is one of the 5 specific types of differential reinforcement procedures commonly used in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). During a DRO procedure, you reinforce the absence of the target behavior. Let’s talk about when and how to use DRO.
Both DRA and DRI reinforce a functionally equivalent replacement behavior while limiting or eliminating reinforcement for the maladaptive behavior. The subtle yet highly important difference between these 2 interventions lies in their relation to the target behavior.
Whether you plan to pursue a more advanced degree and certification in the field, you must maintain your RBT credential until you finally achieve a higher level certification if you want to continue with direct service. Allowing your RBT certification to lapse may put your position at risk until you achieve a more advanced certification. Maintaining the RBT certification requires 5 important steps. Let’s take a closer look at them here.
Although they require some practice to write effectively, operational definitions are a key component in writing your behavior intervention plan (BIP) or when collecting data about specific behaviors. Operational definitions allow you to convey either what the behavior looks like (topography) or what function the behavior serves while providing sufficient detail to be clear. Take the time to practice and refine how you write your operational definitions!